Chapter 13 – Acts

318 Acts as fulfilling 1.8
318 Acts as fulfilling 1.8
318 Acts summary passages
318 Acts summary passages
324 Map to mark Paul's journeys
324 Map to mark Paul’s journeys
336 Chronological outline of Acts
336 Chronological outline of Acts

Inscription forbidding entry to Temple (in Citadel)
Inscription forbidding non-Jews to enter the temple on pain of death (replica in the Citadel Museum).
Herodion, a mikveh (pool for ritual washing)
A mikveh – pool for Jewish ritual washing—at the Herodion
Qumran, Mikveh (for ritual washing)
Qumran, a mikveh (pool for Jewish ritual washing).
Damascus Gate, Jerusalem
The Damascus Gate, Jerusalem, from where Paul would have set out for Damascus on his mission to arrest Christians there. But somewhere on the Golan Heights he had an encounter with the risen Jesus.
Roman triumphal arch, Damascus
Damascus, where Paul was welcomed as a Christian by Ananias (Acts 9:10-19). The photo shows the Roman triumphal arch in Straight Street.
Paul's vision of Macedonian man
Troas (in north-west Asia Minor), the ‘Macedonian call’ mosaic (see Acts 16:8)
Kavala harbour
Kavala (ancient name Neapolis), the harbour where Paul arrived on Greek soil.
Kavala, Roman road to Philippi (the Via Egnatia).
Kavala, Roman road to Philippi (the Via Egnatia).
Philippi theatre
Philippi theatre. Beyond is the plain where the battle of Philippi was fought, resulting in victory for Octavian and Mark Antony, and Octavian becoming the first Emperor of Rome
Philippi river
Philippi river
Philippi baptism place
Philippi, place of baptism – recalling the story of Lydia’s baptism by Paul (Acts 16:13-15).
Thessalonica, agora
Thessalonica, agora
Athens, the Acropolis
Athens, the Acropolis
Athens, the Parthenon ‘front’
Athens, the Parthenon ‘front’
Athens, Areopagus
Athens, The Areopagus (from the Acropolis)

The ‘Gallio inscription’ from Delphi

The Gallio inscription in Delphi, which enables us to pinpoint the date of Paul’s stay in Corinth (Acts 18). Translation below.

Tiberius [Claudius] Caesar Augustus Germanicus, [Pontifex Maximus, in his tribunician] power [year 12, acclaimed Emperor for] the 26th time, father of the country, [consul for the 5th time, censor, sends greeting to the city of Delphi.]

I have for long been zealous for the city of Delphi [and favourable to it from the] beginning, and I have always observed the cult of the [Pythian] Apollo, [but with regard to] the present stories, and those quarrels of the citizens of which [a report has been made by Lucius] Junius Gallio my friend and [pro]consul [of Achaea]….

Translation from C. K. Barrett, ed. The New Testament Background: Selected Documents. revised ed. London: SPCK, 1987, 51-52
Corinth Synagogue inscription
Corinth synagogue inscription (above). The Greek reads: [syna]goge hebr[aion] – ‘synagogue of the Jews’. The carving below of three menorahs is another characteristic expression of Jewish identity.
Corinth workshop
Workshop in Corinth (imagine Paul sharing space here with Priscilla and Aquila).
Erastus inscription in Corinth
Erastus inscription. This inscription dating from the mid-first century in the theatre in Corinth states: ‘Erastus in return for his aedileship paved it at his own expense’. Aediles were public officials responsible for maintenance of public buildings and buildings. It is quite possible that the Erastus who commissioned this pavement was the man who sends greetings to the believers in Rome in Romans 16:23.
Cenchreae beach
Cenchreae, view to south-west. Phoebe was a leader in the church here (Romans 16:1), and Paul sailed from here to Ephesus after his missionary journey in Greece (Acts 18:18).
Ephesus theatre and harbour road
The theatre, where Paul’s presence provoked a riot (Acts19:23-41).
Ephesus, model of Artemis temple (Miniaturk, Istanbul)
A model of the temple of Artemis (Diana) in Ephesus (see Acts 19:23-41).
Roman grain ship
A Roman grain ship, such as the one on which Paul sailed to Rome (Acts 27-28). Such ships could typically carry a cargo of 100 to 150 tons, though some were much larger.
Model of a Roman grain ship (Haifa Maritime Museum).
Model of a Roman grain ship (Haifa Maritime Museum).